Top 4 Factors Why Men Who Have Sex With Men Are More Likely to Contract HIV

Below, we discuss the top 4 reasons why these guys are more likely to contract the virus in the first place, and why they do not often get the remedy available from their medical care providers.

Regardless of the fact that HIV is no longer a death sentence given the individual gets tested and treated in time, there are still groups which are highly vulnerable to the virus and not as likely to get treated, and one particular group are definitely men who have sex with men. Whatever how an HIV dating community can really be quite beneficial to these men as it might prompt them to seek treatment, sadly not all men who have sex with men have the luxury of belonging to a single. Belowwe discuss the top 4 reasons why these guys are more likely to contract the virus in the first place, and why they do not often get the remedy available from their medical care providers.

#1: Biological Factors

The essential reason why men who have sex with men are more prone to contracting HIV is the fact that unprotected anal intercourse poses a much greater risk than unprotected vaginal intercourse. The rectal walls are much thinner compared to vaginal walls and may be torn more readily, making an entry point for the virus into the blood. Also, having another sexually transmitted disease puts someone at a greater risk of being infected by HIV, and STD rates among men who have sex with men are high and have been on the increase over the previous 20 years. Despite this biological variable, men who have sex with men are still reluctant to get tested regularly as a 2013 research points out–fewer than 55 percent get routine HIV tests throughout the world.

Men who have sex with men frequently have multiple sexual partners, and in spite of the fact that they like casual sex, they don’t use condoms on a regular basis. In over 30 countries throughout the world, less than 60 percent of men who have sex with men reported using a condom during their last anal intercourse.  Since they don’t get tested on a regular basis, many gay men are unaware they have contracted the virus, and are not taking any steps to prevent further transmission. Additionally, alcohol and drug use make it less probable that someone will engage in unprotected sexual activity, which increases the possibility of infection. Men who have sex with men participate in high-risk behaviour, such as having group sex under the influence of performance-enhancing drugs. Deficiency of inhibitions and awareness doesn’t just translate into having unprotected sex, but it also involves several of these guys miss the 72-hour window to take post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) after suspected exposure to HIV.

Same-sex conduct remains illegal in 67 nations on earth, and in Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and parts of Nigeria and Somalia homosexuality is punishable by death. It’s not surprising that members of the LGBTQ community in several of these states do whatever they can to conceal their sexual identity, and obtaining health services available to the general populace is out of the question. Over 30 countries restrict people’s expression of sexual identity, and more than 40 countries have laws that prevent NGOs from providing HIV-related services to men who have sex with men.

#4: Social and Cultural Factors

Many cultures around the world highly disapprove of men who have sex with men, while others are fighting hard to rid LGBTQ guys of any rights. Those living in Western Europe and North America are free to exercise rights under the law, but nevertheless feel stigma, discrimination, and in extreme cases even violence. No matter where they reside, some homosexual men conceal their sexual identity and from fear of discrimination against health workers do not get tested or do not access HIV services as far as heterosexuals. Feelings of exclusion from health care systems and general isolation make dealing with HIV and related problems that a lot more challenging.

This material is sponsored by Stefan Simonovic.

Photo: Shutterstock

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