Top 4 Factors Why Men Who Have Sex With Men Are More Likely to Contract HIV

Below, we discuss the top 4 reasons why these guys are more likely to contract the virus in the first place, and why they do not often get the remedy available from their medical care providers.

Regardless of the fact that HIV is no longer a death sentence given the individual gets tested and treated in time, there are still groups which are highly vulnerable to the virus and not as likely to get treated, and one particular group are definitely men who have sex with men. Whatever how an HIV dating community can really be quite beneficial to these men as it might prompt them to seek treatment, sadly not all men who have sex with men have the luxury of belonging to a single. Belowwe discuss the top 4 reasons why these guys are more likely to contract the virus in the first place, and why they do not often get the remedy available from their medical care providers.

#1: Biological Factors

The essential reason why men who have sex with men are more prone to contracting HIV is the fact that unprotected anal intercourse poses a much greater risk than unprotected vaginal intercourse. The rectal walls are much thinner compared to vaginal walls and may be torn more readily, making an entry point for the virus into the blood. Also, having another sexually transmitted disease puts someone at a greater risk of being infected by HIV, and STD rates among men who have sex with men are high and have been on the increase over the previous 20 years. Despite this biological variable, men who have sex with men are still reluctant to get tested regularly as a 2013 research points out–fewer than 55 percent get routine HIV tests throughout the world.

Men who have sex with men frequently have multiple sexual partners, and in spite of the fact that they like casual sex, they don’t use condoms on a regular basis. In over 30 countries throughout the world, less than 60 percent of men who have sex with men reported using a condom during their last anal intercourse.  Since they don’t get tested on a regular basis, many gay men are unaware they have contracted the virus, and are not taking any steps to prevent further transmission. Additionally, alcohol and drug use make it less probable that someone will engage in unprotected sexual activity, which increases the possibility of infection. Men who have sex with men participate in high-risk behaviour, such as having group sex under the influence of performance-enhancing drugs. Deficiency of inhibitions and awareness doesn’t just translate into having unprotected sex, but it also involves several of these guys miss the 72-hour window to take post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) after suspected exposure to HIV.

Same-sex conduct remains illegal in 67 nations on earth, and in Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and parts of Nigeria and Somalia homosexuality is punishable by death. It’s not surprising that members of the LGBTQ community in several of these states do whatever they can to conceal their sexual identity, and obtaining health services available to the general populace is out of the question. Over 30 countries restrict people’s expression of sexual identity, and more than 40 countries have laws that prevent NGOs from providing HIV-related services to men who have sex with men.

#4: Social and Cultural Factors

Many cultures around the world highly disapprove of men who have sex with men, while others are fighting hard to rid LGBTQ guys of any rights. Those living in Western Europe and North America are free to exercise rights under the law, but nevertheless feel stigma, discrimination, and in extreme cases even violence. No matter where they reside, some homosexual men conceal their sexual identity and from fear of discrimination against health workers do not get tested or do not access HIV services as far as heterosexuals. Feelings of exclusion from health care systems and general isolation make dealing with HIV and related problems that a lot more challenging.

This material is sponsored by Stefan Simonovic.

Photo: Shutterstock

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How HIV Affects Dating Within the LGBTQ Community Today

Having HIV means that some lifestyle changes will need to be made both in your daily life and your love life, but with a positive attitude and the perfect strategy, long and rich life is ahead of you.

Members of the LGBTQ community are still the most affected by HIV. Within this group, you’ve got the maximum HIV/AIDS outbreak’s impact on gay and bisexual men, and transgender women. Sadly, though we’ve come a long way since the 80s and today have means of maintaining this virus at bay, the only community where there is still a gain in the amount of HIV infected people is the LGBTQ one. These numbers impact the dating pool in a community that’s already marginalized. But it does not mean it’s hopeless, but there are a great deal of singles around the HIV homosexual dating scene, it just takes time and patience to get the individual who’s ideal for you.

Don’t hesitate to seek help

Due to the stigma across both HIV and members of the LGBTQ community, a great deal of individuals are embarrassed to seek medical treatment. Firstly, since they’re afraid of discrimination they may be exposed to by their health care provider. And also because lots of them come from poor family situations and do not have the perfect support network to help them get through it. But it’s important to not forget that there is nothing to be ashamed about. Members of the LGBTQ community have an individual right to good health care, and shouldn’t be judged according to their lifestyle choices. Consequently, if a part of the community has engaged in unsafe sex for one reason or another, they will need to get tested and seek treatment immediately if the test comes back positive. There’s nothing to be ashamed of, and with all the improvements in medicine, HIV therapy is more powerful than ever, and people with HIV have the exact same life expectancy as those that aren’t affected. Timely identification and treatment can prevent a good deal more complications further down the street.

This is vital, HIV prevention is our duty. To protect yourself, condoms and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) would be the best available choices. However, there are cases, particularly in vulnerable groups, that even with the best intentions individuals still get infected. In those cases, it’s necessary to take adequate measures in order to not spread the infection. As was mentioned in the preceding paragraph, if there’s a reason to think that one has been infected, testing is the essential first step, then treatment and lifestyle changes. 1 significant moral obligation is to inform future partners about your condition, but also to instruct them about the entire issue and how it is something that you can live with.

Together with the LGBTQ community being marginalized and lots of its members having difficulty with being approved and finding a support system, including HIV into the mix can be deadly. LGBTQ youth has among the highest suicide rates, and of course that a recent study has revealed that around 40 percent of homeless youth are LGBT. The principal reason for this is the lack of approval from their loved ones. This causes fear of judgment and rejection that later on reflects in their willingness to seek help or get tested for HIV. This is why it’s essential for members of the LGBTQ community, particularly those infected with HIV to have support groups arranged within their inner circle. When it’s in the area or the district, using a support team that will assist you work through the issues of rejection while bravely fighting HIV may be a life-changing experience. And it may result in the infected people leading lives that aren’t on the edge of survival, but instead rich and full lives surrounded by loved ones.

Dating as a member of an LGBTQ community has its own obstacles, but adding the HIV component makes it look hopeless. But this does not have to be true. Accepting the identification, seeking help and finding the right relationship pool may mean that you get to have a long life full of love and support. It only takes some time getting there.

This material is sponsored by Stefan Simonovic.

Photo: Shutterstock

Download my eBook The Secrets to Attract Women FREE now by clicking here

Marriage Could be Good for Your Health — Unless You Are Bisexual

Ning Hsieh, Michigan State University and Hui Liu, Michigan State University

A high number of studies show that married people enjoy better health than unmarried men and women, such as lower rates of depression and cardiovascular ailments , in addition to longer lives.

But these findings are developed primarily based on information of heterosexual populations and different-sex marriages. Only more recently have a few research looked into homosexual and lesbian populations and same-sex unions to check if marriage is related to better health in these populations — and the evidence is mixed.

Our analysis , published online on Sept. 19, evaluates the benefits of marriage across heterosexual, bisexual, and gay or lesbian adults. We found that bisexual adults don’t experience better health when married.

Union and health data

Using representative data in the 2013 to 2017 National Health Interview Survey, we compared reports of self-rated health and functional limitation — difficulty doing tasks without help or special equipment — around 1,428 bisexual adults, 2,654 gay and lesbian adults and 150,403 heterosexual adults.

Both heterosexual and homosexual and lesbian people are better off with respect to health when they are married than when unmarried.

By way of instance, the likelihood of reporting very good health are about 36% higher among married gay and lesbian adults than not married or formerly married gay and lesbian adults.

Rates of functional limitation, such as difficulty climbing stairs and heading out for shopping, are 25 percent to 43% lower among married heterosexual adults compared to cohabiting, never married and formerly married heterosexual adults.

Why does this occur? There are two popular explanations.

The union protection argument posits that marriage raises economic security and social support and promotes healthier lifestyles — for instance, less drinking and smoking.

The union selection argument suggests that individuals with more education, income and other health-favorable characteristics are more likely to get married and remain in marriage.

But, unlike heterosexual and homosexual or lesbian adults, our research shows that married bisexuals aren’t healthier than unmarried bisexuals.

Interestingly, among bisexuals that are married or cohabiting, people who have a same-sex spouse are healthier than those with a different-sex spouse. Their odds of reporting very good health are 2.3 times higher and the prices of functional limitation are 61 percent reduced.

Relationship stigma

Our findings indicate that bisexuals face unique challenges in their relationships which may lessen the health advantage connected to marriage.

An increasing number of research have discovered that bisexual individuals experience poorer health than heterosexual, gay or lesbian people. Including higher rates of psychological disorders, cardiovascular ailments and disability.

Bisexual folks are frequently perceived by both heterosexual and gay and lesbian individuals as indecisive about their sexual orientation, sexually permissive, and unfaithful or untrustworthy as intimate partners. By way of instance, an experimental analysis revealed that people more often project such negative stereotypes on a bisexual man dating a girl than they do on a heterosexual guy dating a woman or a gay man dating a guy.

Researchers like ourselves still do not fully understand the ways that stigma affects bisexuals’ relationships and wellbeing.

We guess that this stigma can undermine the health and well-being of bisexual folks. It could strain their relationships and create expectations of rejection. Their attempts to hide a bisexual identity from a spouse or other individuals can also trigger stress.

We expect to see marriage one day become not only more accessible to all, but also equally beneficial for all.

[ Thank you for reading! We can send you The Conversation’s stories daily in an informative email. ]The Conversation

The Conversation

Ning Hsieh, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Michigan State University and Hui Liu, Professor of Sociology, Michigan State University

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